Succeeding in school is harder for students who struggle to read. Predicting the optimal age for learning assistance can change kids lives. This detailed Chicago Public School System study suggests when to intercede and why.
A Longitudinal Analysis of Third-Grade Students in Chicago in 1996-97 and their Educational Outcomes
How 3rd grade reading skills affect 8th grade reading, 9th grade performance, high school graduation and college enrollment.
How 9th grade performance predicts a person's future economic success.
What demographic groups are reading below grade level by 3rd grade.
How literacy affects academic, social and economic success.
The methodology needed to execute a longitudinal study.
Students who are better prepared for a successful 9th grade year are more likely to have positive future outcomes regardless of 3rd grade reading status.
Very few students who were reading below grade level in 3rd grade were reading above grade level in 8th grade.
52% of students who ever spent time in foster care read below grade level in 3rd grade.
44% of black students and 33% of Latino students read below grade level compared to 18% of white students.