Putting kids behind bars is more a local policy choice than an actual safety issue. What lawmakers do depends not only on budgets and safety, but on the political climate. And that differs drastically from state to state. Down-sizing corrections is a growing strategy as falling crime rates allow lawmakers to focus on cost-effectiveness and the impact of juvenile justice policy. This report reviews the history and development of three juvenile justice reform strategies and analyzes their impact on policy, practice and public safety.