This issue brief presents limited evidence for extending the age for federal foster care reimbursement to states from 18 to 21. The study taps research from three Midwest states. What’s the benefit to kids? Increased success in higher education; increased earnings; and, delayed pregnancy, giving them a better chance at adulthood. 

December 28, 2007

In This Report, You’ll Learn

  1. 1

    The case for extending federal foster care assistance to states until age 21.

  2. 2

    What happens when teens are forced on their own at age 18.

  3. 3

    How 3 states are assisting kids in transitioning to adulthood.

  4. 4

    Why lawmakers want public assistance for foster care kids until age 21.

Key Takeaway

It’s a tough transition to adulthood if you’re in foster care

For most young people, growing up and moving out is a gradual process as mom and pop continue to dole out financial and emotional support. In 2003, parents provided material assistance totaling approximately $38,000 for their kids from age 18 to 34. In rough contrast, 24,000 kids in foster care got abruptly booted from any material assistance at age 18. And the research shows many “aged out” foster kids land on the street at some point in time with nowhere to go for help.   

Findings & Stats

Statements & Quotations