The brief shows the efforts of the Casey-CSSP Alliance for Racial Equity in Child Welfare to reduce disparities and the disproportionate number of children and youth of color in the custody of child welfare agencies.
How kids of color are represented and treated in child welfare systems at the national, state and county levels.
How this study on racial equity was conducted.
What race/ethnicity is being discriminated against the most in the child welfare system.
How national-, state- and county-level data differ in racial disparities.
Black children are over 2 times more likely to have a foster care placement than the whole child population; American Indian children are 3 times more likely.
Asian/Pacific Islanders are the least likely to be involved in the child welfare system.
A key measure in this study is the disproportionality rate, which is derived by dividing the percentage of children in a racial/ethnic group at a specific decision-making stage (e.g., investigation, substantiation, foster care placement) in the child welfare system by the percentage of children in that same racial/ethnic group in the census population.
A second measure in this study is the disparity ratio, which is derived by dividing the disproportionality rates for specific nonwhite groups at various Child Protection Services decision-making stages by the disproportionality rates for whites.