As part of the Foundation’s Family to Family initiative, this document was created as a tool for program grantees to learn about crack cocaine and its impact on women and their children. The report presents information on how the drug affects women and their parenting; how drug treatment approaches and addiction models may vary across communities; and promising ways in which programs could better adapt to serve mothers who are affected by crack use. The research on crack addiction and promising treatment approaches only reflect the research through 1996.
Key Characteristics and Skills for Workers Responsible for Children of Drug-Affected Women
Findings & Stats
Multiple factors hinder women receiving treatment for their crack addiction. These include an inadequate supply of treatment options; lack of identification and referral for treatment; stigma; and fear of having their children taken away.
More Help Needed
A range of services is needed to address the needs of women with children who use crack.
At the time of publication, there was little data on the impact crack use had on women’s health, or the health and development of their infants.
Statements & Quotations
Most researchers and practitioners believe women on crack face overwhelming odds against being adequate parents.
We need to form partnerships with drug treatment programs so that we can make full use of options that are acceptable and helpful to women...
Program features that may be helpful to women include comprehensive services to meet basic needs; pharmacological and nutritional support; acupuncture; assistance coping with past trauma; new ways to handle emotions; access to their children; support, counseling and skills to develop competencies that instill a hope for the future; and opportunities to build a new sense of self encompassing spirituality, self-esteem and other areas.
Subscribe to our newsletter to get our data, reports and news in your inbox.