The repercussions of parental incarceration radiate from behind bars to shake entire families financially, socially and emotionally. Even more, the children in these families lose vital time, conversations and connections with this influential figure in their lives. In 2007, the Foundation convened two groups of child welfare experts to discuss the many challenges of parental incarceration. This report shares their findings as well as advocacy ideas and opportunities. It also tells how the Foundation has already invested in aiding these vulnerable families and children.