The Annie E. Casey Foundation launched its Family-Centered Community Change® (FCCC) initiative with a goal of integrating two-generation strategies into existing place-based community initiatives. The innovative effort, which ran from 2012 to 2019, focused on supporting local partners in three neighborhoods with low economic resources: Buffalo, New York; Columbus, Ohio; and San Antonio, Texas.
Over the course of the initiative, the sites worked to promote the healthy development and academic success of children while simultaneously delivering adult services focused on parenting and financial stability. In year three, the community partners also received training and technical assistance — provided by the Casey Foundation — aimed at enhancing racial and ethnic equity and inclusion.
The Urban Institute conducted a formative evaluation of this effort, which included: 1) qualitative data collection from interviews and focus groups with partner staff and participants; 2) descriptive analysis of program data; and 3) a cost study.
FCCC makes real progress — and offers important lessons — for the future of two-generation strategies
Findings and Stats From the Evaluation
Service Delivery Snags
The three communities reported numerous hurdles to providing child services as part of a two-generation approach. Challenges included: limited quality services, not targeting services to participating children, and not integrating child-serving organizations into the broader partnerships.
A Common, Critical Thread
All three communities provided early care and education activities — often considered the most critical service in two-generation intervention — for at least some young children in participating families.
But Poverty Persists
In the grant period, the interventions were not strong enough to move a large share of longtime community members out of poverty or counter the exclusionary changes wrought by gentrification.
Statements From the Report
To make a difference to families within a community, service providers need resources and infrastructure both to coordinate with each other and to meaningfully engage residents in decision-making and implementation processes.
People going into community-focused work need to ensure they are well attuned to community-level factors that affect families’ opportunities and constraints, such as housing, transportation, childcare availability, job opportunities, training and education resources and other services.
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