Double Jeopardy

How Third Grade Reading Skills and Poverty Influence High School Graduation

By the Annie E. Casey Foundation

January 1, 2012

Summary

Graduation rates are dramatically impacted by:

  1. Reading level at the end of third grade
  2. Having lived in a high-poverty neighborhood
  3. Experiencing family poverty

Policy and program strategies must be enacted in three arenas: schools, families and legislation on the federal, state and local levels.

Table of Contents

Key Takeaway

There are several risk factors that lead to the likelihood of not graduating from high school

35% of children who were poor, lived in neighborhoods of concentrated poverty and not reading proficiently failed to graduate high shcool on time.

There is a clear correlation between reading proficiency and poverty when it comes to high school graduation rates.

Findings & Stats

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Children Not Graduating from High School by Age 19

a: Third-Grade Reading Test Scores, All Children

b: Children Not Graduating High School by Third-Grade Reading Test Scores, All Children

Children Not Graduating from High School by Age 19, by Poverty Experience and Reading Proficiency

Children Not Reading Proficiently by Neighborhood Type

Statements & Quotations