This paper uses data from the National Survey of America’s Families (NSAF) to look at differences across types of neighborhood environments in the well-being of families and children. The authors examine data on earnings, access to services and supports, child well-being and more to shed new light on the impact of local neighborhood environments.
Due to lower average wage rates, families living in nonmetropolitan areas have substantially lower earnings.
Residents of higher-poverty neighborhoods face higher rates of food and rent hardship, and are more likely to use emergency health care.
Central-city children are considerably more likely to have skipped school and to have been expelled from school.
Race and Ethnicity
The likelihood of bad outcomes for adults and children rises as the minority share of a neighborhood population increases.
Statements & Quotations
Even after controlling for individual race, ethnicity and income level, people who live in central-city and nonmetropolitan communities have lower earnings and experience more economic hardship than their counterparts in suburban communities.
Patterns of neighborhood poverty are tightly intertwined with racial and ethnic segregation, making it extremely difficult to separate their potential effects on individual outcomes.
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