Racial Disproportionality, Race Disparity, and Other Race-Related Findings in Published Works

Derived from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being

By the Annie E. Casey Foundation, Casey Family Programs, Center for the Study of Social Policy

January 1, 2007

Summary

To examine the racial disproportionality in child welfare, this report draws on peer-reviewed papers and chapters from data gathered during the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW). Topics include child factors and related services, including early childhood development and early intervention services, as well as mental health and substance abuse treatment needs and access; parental factors and related services, including parental arrest and child involvement with child welfare services agencies, as well as domestic violence; and reunification and related services.

Table of Contents

Key Takeaway

The Role of Race and Ethnicity in Child Welfare

Race and ethnicity was not found to be a significant predictor in services received by children remaining at home, nor was it an indicator in whether children would be placed in out-of-home care; but race and ethnicity are strongly associated with the overall level of child welfare involvement, especially for younger children.

NSCAW Findings

Findings & Stats

Reunification

For children younger than 7 months and older than 10 years, racial differences are significant. For example, African American infants are less likely to experience reunification than white infants; and African American youth over age 10, as well as youth of other racial and ethnic groups, are significantly less likely to return home than white youth. 

Statements & Quotations