To examine the racial disproportionality in child welfare, this report draws on peer-reviewed papers and chapters from data gathered during the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW). Topics include child factors and related services, including early childhood development and early intervention services, as well as mental health and substance abuse treatment needs and access; parental factors and related services, including parental arrest and child involvement with child welfare services agencies, as well as domestic violence; and reunification and related services.

January 1, 2007

In This Report, You’ll Learn

  1. 1

    The relationship between race, early childhood development needs, and receiving services.

  2. 2

    The relationship between race, mental health care services, and substance abuse treatment needs, use, and access.

  3. 3

    The relationship between race, domestic violence, and participation in the child welfare system.

  4. 4

    The relationship between race, parental arrest, and entry into the child welfare system.

  1. 5

    The relationship between race, reunification, a child’s age and their receiving needed services.

Key Takeaway

The Role of Race and Ethnicity in Child Welfare

Race and ethnicity was not found to be a significant predictor in services received by children remaining at home, nor was it an indicator in whether children would be placed in out-of-home care; but race and ethnicity are strongly associated with the overall level of child welfare involvement, especially for younger children.

NSCAW Findings

Findings & Stats

Statements & Quotations