Racial Gaps in Early Childhood

Socio-emotional Health, Developmental, and Educational Outcomes Among African-American Boys

By National Center for Children in Poverty

April 1, 2011


There is little research on resilience among children from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds. What has been done focused on negative outcomes rather than positive development. This report looks at black and white boys and how racial disparities emerge in early childhood. It identifies factors that positively contribute to early resilience among young black boys.

Table of Contents

Key Takeaway

Black young boys had lower scores than white young boys on socio-emotional development starting from 9 months to preschool age.

The gaps between black boys and white boys in most of the school readiness outcomes from 9 months to preschool disappeared at kindergarten, once financial and family factors were accounted for.

Findings & Stats

Statements & Quotations