There is little research on resilience among children from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds. What has been done focused on negative outcomes rather than positive development. This report looks at black and white boys and how racial disparities emerge in early childhood. It identifies factors that positively contribute to early resilience among young black boys.

April 1, 2011

In This Report, You’ll Learn

  1. 1

    How this research was conducted comparing black and white youngsters.

  2. 2

    A racial comparison of resilience factors on boys from 9 months old to kindergarten.

  3. 3

    How family finances, parenting practices, parental education and childhood possessions (toys) affect young male development.

  4. 4

    How this research might affect future public policy.

Key Takeaway

Black young boys had lower scores than white young boys on socio-emotional development starting from 9 months to preschool age.

The gaps between black boys and white boys in most of the school readiness outcomes from 9 months to preschool disappeared at kindergarten, once financial and family factors were accounted for. 

Findings & Stats

Statements & Quotations