This report examines the increase and origins in the children of immigrants in Maryland between 1990 and 2006. The report looks at family characteristics such as parent education, English skills, income and use of public benefits. Part of the report describes school-age children of immigrants and discusses trends in Maryland public school needs and enrollment.
Most Maryland immigrants are educated and speak English
Findings & Stats
“Children of immigrants” are children living with at least one foreign-born parent
Immigrant families in Maryland and nationwide are characterized by high work effort and low use of public benefits.
No racial or ethnic group predominates among children of immigrants in Maryland.
Immigrants on the Rise
The number of Maryland children with at least one immigrant parent more than doubled from 121,000 in 1990 to 253,000 in 2006.
While the growth rate in Maryland of children of immigrants was 110%, the growth rate for children of natives during this period was only 6%.
In 2006, 84% of Maryland’s children of immigrants were citizens.
55% of children of immigrants in Maryland had college educated parents compared with 43% of children of natives.
64% of children of immigrants in low-income Maryland families had a parent with Limited English Proficiency.
Statements & Quotations
The racial and ethnic diversity of children of immigrants creates both opportunities and challenges in the schools and the future workforce. Diversity can lead to competitive advantages for Maryland in a global economy, but this heterogeneity also makes it more difficult to both facilitate the integration of immigrants and their children while minimizing the social tensions that can ensue among diverse groups of foreign-and native-born people.
It is encouraging to note that immigrant family incomes rise with U.S. residency, education and language skills. This outcome suggests that adult education, language and job skills training for immigrant parents can help raise family incomes and improve economic prospects. Family and work supports that increase parental employment and raise incomes may be especially important for low-income immigrant families with children.
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