Public agencies often operate in silos, lacking critical information and data about the full spectrum of services and risks that are shaping the lives of children and families. Enter integrated data systems, an information tool which a growing number of policymakers and leaders are leveraging to enhance decision-making and coordination across a wide range of social programs that have a shared stake in supporting families.
By connecting regular public agency records, integrated data systems enable policymakers, practitioners, advocates and researchers to look across programsand find actionable intelligence to solve complex social issues. For example: integrated data systems can help users better understand ripple effects, such as how foster care placement decisions affect student performance and how parental incarceration affects multiple generations within a family.
For more on this cost-effective and versatile information tool, see the list below, which highlights key case studies, resources, research and real-world examples of integrated data systems in action.
Using Integrated Data Systems for Social Policy Decision-Making
Connecting the Dots, a white paper by social policy experts Dennis Culhane and John Fantuzzo, is the first and most concise description of the value of integrated data systems for policymakers. The document also outlines the major legal, ethical, technical and economic challenges that leaders face developing these systems.
Proceedings from the Public-Academic Research Colloquium, convened by the University of Pennsylvania and other national and international partners, highlights the work of organizations that have successfully used integrated administrative data for social policy research.
Introducing Integrated Data Systems
Integrated Data Systems are enabling policymakers, researchers, and organizations to employ data-driven decision-making to improve communities, schools, public programs and much more. Watch the videos below to learn about integrated data systems in action.
Actionable Intelligence for Social Policy (AISP), a University of Pennsylvania-based initiative, focuses on the development, use and innovation of integrated data systems for policy analysis and program reform. Its growing network includes cities, counties and states nationwide.
National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership (NNIP), a collaboration between the Urban Institute and partners in 30 cities, aims to develop and use neighborhood-level information systems for community building and local, data-based decision-making. Its resource page lists publications and activities from a number of efforts undertaken by these partners over the last few years.
Data Quality Campaign (DQC), the nation’s leading authority on education data policy, advocates for developing state education data systems, including forging cross-state connections that are crucial for supporting students.
Integrated Data System Case Studies and Real-World Examples
The brief "Integrated Data are Key to 'Pay for Success'" describes how one county has used integrated data systems to develop an innovative pay-for-success program to serve a particularly vulnerable population: homeless mothers who have children in the child welfare system.
The article "Getting Big Data to the Good Guys" examines how using integrated data systems changed San Francisco’s approach to intervening with at-risk youth and helped define the path that young people took through the city’s social safety net.
The blog post "Supporting Students in Foster Care," authored by a senior staff attorney at the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law, explores how integrated data systems can be used to improve the frustratingly low academic achievement of students in foster care. A corresponding fact sheet, from the Data Quality Campaign, reports on the number of states that securely link public school data systems with foster care data systems to help address this issue.
The Atlantic article, "How a House Can Shape a Child’s Future," shows how Case Western University linked multiple sources of administrative data in one county to better understand how housing instability and quality can impact school readiness. The Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development also released a final report that covers this research in detail.
Building the Tool
Four AISP innovation expert panel reports detail innovative solutions to common challenges with integrated data systems related to governance, legal issues, technology and security, and data standards.
Integrated Data Systems and Student Privacy, a report released by the U.S. Department of Education’s Privacy and Technical Assistance Center, tells how organizations can create integrated data systems that include student education records and are compliant with federal privacy law (particularly the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, known as FERPA).